On Modern Money Theory

Modern Money Theory Revisited

In 2013, an extended criticism of modern money theory (MMT) was among the first entries on this website. In the meanwhile, quite a few politicians feel uneasy about the overall financial situation but have no remedy at hand. Some of them are giving an ear to MMT, seduced by MMT's message not to worry about imbalances, deficits and debt.
Here are two papers of partly similar content, the first focusing on the differences between modern money theory and the sovereign currency theory advocated on this website, the second discussing MMT in some more detail.

 Currency Theory and MMT – in the same boat? >  (4 pages)   or print PDF >     

Modern Money Theory Revisited - still the same false promise > (15 pp.) or print PDF >

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Here is an eye-opening powerpoint by Sue Peters, member of both the U.S. Green Party and the Alliance for Just Money, on how MMTers wanted to rewrite the Green Party’s national platform in April 2018 but were prevented from doing so by a vast majority of the platform committee. See the ppt >

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Also Positive Money, London, has now developed an in-depth discussion of MMT. It comes in several parts:
1 Intellectual Roots and Focus by Rob Macquarie
2 Money and Debt by Rob Macquarie
3 Money and Debt continued by Rob Macquarie
4 Shadow Banking by Spencer Veale


During MMT’s issue attention cycle from about January to May 2019, many experts and other commentators have offered their opinion on MMT, such as for example:

• Doug Henwood, MMT isn’t helping, Jacobin, Feb 21, 2019.

• Ben Hunt, Modern Monetary Theory or: How I Learned to Stop Worrying and Love the National Debt, Epsilon Theory, Jan 17, 2019.

Others were less critical:

Modern Money Theory, The Money Question (blog sponsored by Positive Money, London (no author names, no date).

• Robert Hockett, Modern Money, Dollars & Sense, March/April 2018.


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Modern Money Theory (MMT) has developed since the mid-1990s. Some monetary reformers hope for support from MMT. New Currency Theory (NCT) and Modern Money Theory (MMT) indeed share a number of analytical views. It nonetheless turns out that MMT - in spite of its claim to stand for a sovereign-currency system - is closer to representing new banking doctrine rather than currency teaching.

Modern Money and Sovereign Currency

Book manuscript. 100 pages. Book contents can be called up subchapter-wise below.
Book page numbers are indicated as /x/.
You may also > download the manuscript as a PDF.

More papers on MMT (critical for the most part)

Ben Hunt > MMT or How I Learned to Stop Worrying and Love the National Debt, Epsilon Theory, Jan 17, 2019.

Doug Henwood > MMT isn’t helping, Jacobin website, Feb 21, 2019.

Ellen Brown > The Secret to Funding a Green New Deal, truthdig website, March 19, 2019.

Robert Hockett > Modern Money. A primer on MMT, Dollars & Sense, March/April 2018.

Keith Rodgers > Will Modern Monetary Theory (MMT) gain actual passage of a plan, or just create enough confusion to prevent a timely debt solution? Policy Winners, July 2014.


Cullen Roche has made a comprehensive > Critique of Modern Money Theory in 2011 from his Monetary Realism point of view. This converges and overlaps in quite many aspects with the analysis given here.   

 Marc Lavoie > The monetary and fiscal nexus of neo-chartalism: A friendly critical look into MMT (2011), University of Ottawa, Department of Economics

Eladio Febrero > Three Difficulties with Neo-chartalism, Journal of Post Keynesian Economics, 31/3 (2009): 523-541.

Brett Fiebiger > Modern Money Theory and the 'Real-World' Accounting of 1 - 1 < 0, PERI, University of Massachussets Amherst, Working Paper Series No. 279, Jan 2012.


Stephen Zarlenga, American Monetary Institute, dealt with Mitchell-Innes' misleading equating of money with credit, or debt resp., in 2002 > Critique of Innes' 'credit theory of money'.  
In 2013 followed a critical > Evaluation of Modern Money Theory MMT by Steven Walsh and Stephen Zarlenga.

Clint Ballinger contributes to discussing MMT > on his homepage


Joseph Huber on Modern Money and New Currency Theory